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  • Parsonstown reverted to Birr in 1901.

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5 Archival description results for Birr

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Copy outgoing letters from Toler Roberts Garvey (Junior), land agent, (1922-1923)

Includes letters from Toler Garvey Jr relating to the occupation of Birr Castle by the Free State Army during December 1922 and January 1923. Also contains letters concerning the finances of the Birr Castle estate, theft of silver from Thomastown Park, the execution of three youths on Castle grounds, and a compensation claim to the OPW in February 1923.

Includes a letter from Garvey to the Hon. Geoffrey Parsons on 30 November 1922:

‘I have been unofficially informed that the occupation of the Castle is to continue for the present, and though it is not intended it should be permanent, still no date can be named for evacuation. I expect to hear something official on the matter before long.’

Also includes a letter from Garvey to the Hon. Geoffrey Parsons on 5 December 1922 concerning the precarious nature of the estate finances due to the mass non-payment of rent:

‘I had an interview on Saturday with the Co. Secretary of the Farmers’ Union and representatives of the tenants, but I am much afraid that nothing will result from it, as they renewed their demand of a 50% reduction of rent, to be made permanent until a sale takes place. This of course I could not agree to and made an alternative proposal, on the lines we settled, and they said they would lay it before a meeting, but I am afraid the general trend at present is against paying anything or anyone.’

Includes a report by Garvey on 12 December 1922 regarding silver stolen from Thomastown Park:

‘Report as to silver plate stolen from Thomastown Park, the property of V.J. Ryan. For the last couple of years Mr Ryan, the owner, has not been in residence at Thomastown Park and Patrick Stokes, ex-soldier, and his wife, native of Crinkle, have been employed and living in the house as caretakers. Stokes reported to me immediately afterwards that the house had been raided by armed men on 16th last, when locked and sealed doors, presses, boxes, etc were broken open in the course for an alleged search for arms of which there were none in the house...’

Includes a letter from Garvey to the OC Free State Troops on 26 January 1923 regarding the executions of three youths from Tullamore, William Conroy, Patrick Cunningham and Colum Kelly:

‘Acting on behalf of the Earl of Rosse’s Trustees I wish to enter a formal protest against executions taking place at Birr Castle and the burial of executed persons within the grounds. If such unfortunately had to be carried out, I do not think it should be on privately owned premises. I am sending a copy of this letter to the Chief of Staff.’

Includes a letter from Garvey to Commander in Chief, Portobello Barracks on 26 January 1923:

‘I enclose copy of a letter which I have today addressed to the Office at Birr Castle. I need hardly point out the stigma which will attach to the place in consequence, especially if the executed persons are buried there and I have to request on behalf of the Earl of Rosse’s Trustees that you will make other arrangements.’

Includes a letter from Garvey to Geoffrey Parsons on 27 January 1923, the day after the executions at Birr Castle:

‘I am sorry to say that three executions were carried out in the Castle Grounds yesterday morning and the corpses buried in the old laundry drying ground close to the gravel tennis court. I wrote at once on behalf of the Trustees protesting against this having been done in private grounds and requesting that the bodies be re-interred elsewhere. The Military authorities are taking over several more rooms in the Castle next week and it is rumoured that they may shortly take over the whole house. I will try and keep things as between them and us on a regular footing as possible and I think the time has come, seeing that their occupation has rendered the house impossible for use by family they might be asked to pay the rent of a house elsewhere. We have been without a train from here for over a week and wires are still cut every second day so I can hardly say that things are improving just at present.’

Also includes a letter from Garvey to the Office of Public Works on 28 February 1923 looking for compensation for the occupancy of the Castle:

‘Lord Rosse and family have at present the use of a house lent to them by a friend, but this arrangement has to come to an end and it has become necessary to procure a residence immediately which raises the question of the terms of occupation by the Military at Birr Castle.’

Garvey, Toler Roberts, Jr

Correspondence relating to sixth earl, Lawrence Michael Harvey Parsons (1921-1937)

Letters to the Viscountess de Vesci, mother of the sixth earl, to her brother-in-law, the Hon. Geoffrey L. Parsons, and to the agent for the Rosse estates, Toler R. Garvey Junior, (the only person permanently on the spot at Birr during the minority of the sixth earl), concerning the Civil War as it affected Birr Castle and other places; and also including a letter from the Countess of Bandon about the destruction of Castle Bernard, Co. Cork, and the kidnapping of her husband, Lord Bandon, 1921. The principal topic however, is the Free State government’s responsibility to the Rosse family for loss and damage incurred as a result of the Free State army’s occupation of Birr Castle from 1922 to 1924, which the shrewd and resourceful Garvey construes as extending to the cost of Lord and Lady de Vesci’s London house, No. 1 Hyde Park Street. Included in the bundle is a copy of a letter from Garvey to the Irish Land Commission arguing that compulsory acquisition of any more of the home farm at Birr would serve as a major disincentive to the sixth earl’s taking up residence and therefore giving widespread employment there on his coming-of-age, 1926.

Includes quotation for removal of six vans of furniture from Birr Castle to London by John Dooly, & Sons, Birr (April 1923)

Includes list of goods taken over by the National Army 28th September 1923, Property of the Trustees of the Earl of Rosse. Value of £235.16.0

Includes draft claim against Free State Government seeking rent and remedy £3000 and rent of Hyde Park (£600).

Includes letter from Office of Public Works settling claim for £3502.2.11 (7 August 1925)

Includes letter from Captain J.F. Hollins, Quartermaster No 2 Brigade, Athlon to Toler Garvey: ‘I wish to inform you that the Troops presently in occupation of the castle will evacuate same as from the 28th inst. In accordance with our regulations it will be necessary for a representative of the Owner, a representative from the Board of Works and of the Military Authorities to examine the premises after evacuation and compile a report as to its condition in comparison to that in which it was taken over by the Military (12 August 1924)

Includes a list by A. Panton Watkinson, painter and decorator, Stephens Green, Dublin, of wear and tear and damage in Birr Castle due to the military occupation. (July 1923)

Includes list of articles missing from Birr Castle May 1927.

Also includes letter from the Committee involved in arranging a plaque to be erected at the archway to the front of Birr Castle in memory of the three young men executed by Free State Troops in 1923. Appends text of the address given by Margaret Hogan, local historian, on the events of 1923. (2003)

Garvey, Toler Roberts, Jr

In-letters to agents Toler R. Garvey (Junior) and Captain Alex Drought, Bundles ‘A’ and ‘C’. (1910-1951)

Box of in-letters from correspondents whose names begin with ‘A’ and ‘C’, including correspondence about Sir Nesbitt Armstrong’s trusts, and letters from James Callaghan (a thatcher employed by the Rosse estate), from the ‘Chief of Staff, January 1923’ about the occupation of Birr Castle by the Free State Army, from W.Y. Chisholm (manager of the Rosse sawmill, from Miss Edith A. Cramer, and from Messrs Coutts & Co.)

Includes: Letter from Padraig Ua Maolchatha, Col. Comdt., G. O. C. 3rd Southern Command, Roscrea: I am directed by the Chief of General Staff to inform you that it will not be possible to evacuate any portion of the premises occupied by the troops before Christmas. I am at present unable to give you any idea when we may be able to evacuate Birr Castle but assure you that we will not occupy it any longer than necessary. I regret being unable to facilitate Lord Rosse’s family in this matter but trust that the owner will appreciate the circumstances which force us to remain in occupation.’ (4 December 1922)

Includes letter from Capt. F. O’Brien for the Chief of General Staff, Dublin, to Toler Garvey: ‘I have been in communication with the General Officer Commanding of the Area who informs me that we was aware of game being shot on the Rosse Estate, but did not prevent it, as he was not aware that the game was preserved.’ (8 January 1923)

Callaghan, James